What Procedures Does Fertility Evaluation Involve?

Caring for their future child or children is essential to many women. For some people having a baby is the best thing that could happen to them, but this soon turns into unhappiness when they cannot conceive naturally. This infertility results in couple wanting to know what the problem is and, more importantly, how they can solve it. If you have trouble conceiving or plan on starting a family, you may benefit from working with a South Charleston fertility evaluation specialist. Fertility evaluation refers to determining the causes and solutions to fertility problems. The evaluation is typically done by a reproductive endocrinologist, specially trained to manage female fertility issues. Here, we look at the different procedures you may undergo during your fertility evaluation.

Blood and Urine Tests

Before you begin fertility evaluation procedures, your doctor will probably recommend blood and urine tests to check for any underlying conditions that may be affecting your fertility. Blood tests help check the levels of hormones in your body. If results show that your hormone levels are low or high, this could affect ovulation. Ovulation is the process of releasing an egg from your ovary. If this process does not occur, you will not conceive naturally.

Furthermore, blood tests help check for STDs that may have affected the fallopian tube or the uterus. Women who have difficulty conceiving often have problems with their reproductive system, leading to infertility. Therefore, by conducting blood tests, your doctor can determine whether any infections have occurred in the reproductive system.

Ultrasound

After carrying out blood tests, your doctor will continue with the next step of fertility evaluation which is an ultrasound. The purpose of this test is to determine whether there are any problems in your uterus or fallopian tubes that may be preventing standard conception. Ultrasound scans use high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the uterus and other areas in the pelvic region. These images will allow your doctor to see whether the size and shape of your uterus are standard, as well as check for any abnormalities in the fallopian tubes from where sperm enters the uterus. Also, an ultrasound can detect cysts or growths on either ovary, causing problems with ovulation.

Hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy is a procedure during which your doctor inserts a thin telescope-like instrument called a hysteroscope through the cervix into the uterus. This allows your doctor to see any abnormalities in the walls or lining of the uterus that are not visible by ultrasound. Furthermore, it also enables your doctor to perform minor surgeries on areas inside the uterus to correct any problems such as fibroids.

Hysterosalpingography

During this procedure, a contrast dye is introduced through the cervix. It allows your doctor to see any abnormalities in your fallopian tubes or whether they are obstructed. Your doctor will then be able to determine how well you can conceive from the number of times that dye flows from one ovary into the uterus after being released by a rupture in a fallopian tube.

In summary, infertility is a huge problem across the world. You may need to go for a fertility evaluation to determine if you can conceive and carry a baby to term. Some of the procedures involved in infertility evaluation include blood and urine tests, ultrasound, hysteroscopy, and hysterosalpingography.

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