One of the most popular tests doctors perform to diagnose heart conditions is cardiac cauterization. The test involves assessing different chambers of the heart to determine the strength of the heart when pumping blood. Pressure and oxygen measurements provide crucial information in diagnosing heart defects. Some doctors complement Tomball cardiac catheterization with coronary angiography, which tests for blockages in blood vessels. If your doctor detects blockage in arteries, especially those supplying blood to the heart muscles, thus influencing the strength of a pump, treatment is necessary to enhance performance. The treatment for blocked arteries involves inflating a balloon in the vessel and placing a stent to keep the vessel open. A stent is a small metallic tube.
How do doctors perform cardiac catheterization?
Cardiac catheterization is a procedure that requires imaging guidance. Your doctor will perform the test in a room with access to x-ray equipment. Sedation is necessary for a comfortable process, especially for the patient. However, doctors mainly use local anesthesia that does not involve the patient being unconscious. This strategy is to help doctors detect any complications during the procedure.
What to expect during cardiac catheterization
Doctors begin cardiac catheterization by applying local anesthesia directly above targeted blood vessels on the skin. The most common application sites include the groin, wrist, and neck. The next step is to use a needle to pass a plastic tube called a sheath through the numb blood vessels.
The next step involves passing a catheter through and leveraging x-ray imaging for guidance. A catheter is a long thin tube. This step is the most crucial part of the procedure because your doctor will be inserting the catheter until it reaches the heart. Using this tube, your doctor can take necessary measurements like blood pressure. Alternatively, the catheter can provide blood samples for additional tests.
Doctors who perform coronary angiography may inject dye into the catheter to visualize heart structure and functioning. The procedure is outpatient, and your doctor will complete the test by removing the catheter and sheath. Your doctor must maintain pressure at the puncture site to prevent excess bleeding. Your doctor will use a suture to close the hole.
Who can have cardiac catheterization?
Doctors recommend this test for patients with heart concerns. This diagnostic procedure helps detect and manage pulmonary hypertension and congestive heart failure. Coronary angiography is an additional test for patients with heart attack and failed medication efficacy.
What are the risks of cardiac catheterization?
One of the most common side effects of the procedure that patients report is bruising on the puncture site. However, the tenderness and bruising resolve after some time without any follow-up treatments. Other serious side effects of cardiac catheterization may occur, primarily if unqualified personnel conduct the procedure. Some adverse side effects include infection, allergic reaction, excess bleeding, and stroke.
Patients must receive cardiac catheterization by a certified physician to minimize the risk of post-op complications. Contact Cardiovascular Institute, P.A., to schedule a cardiac catheterization if you have any heart concerns that you would like to address.