What Are the Most Common Fertility Issues?

Fertility issues are a complex, subjective topic encompassing various factors. The medical community defines fertility as the ability to conceive or produce offspring. In humans, the quality and number of embryos formed during conception directly affect pregnancy success rates. If you live in New York, Dr. Khalid Sultan can help you with fertility issues. Fertility issues can be medically diagnosed or self-reported by women who suspect that they may struggle with fertility. The following are some of the most common fertility issues:


Endometriosis is a condition where tissue that usually lines the inside of the uterus grows outside of it onto other organs, causing pain and irregular periods. Endometriosis can interfere with fertility by causing adhesions (scar tissue), leading to infertility. According to endometriosis.org, endometriosis affects 1 in 10 women globally, making it one of the most common causes of female infertility.

Inability to Conceive

According to WebMD, the average couple takes 6 to 12 months to conceive. Suppose you have been trying for a year and still have not conceived. In that case, you should consult a specialist to pinpoint the cause of your fertility issues which is particularly true if you are over 35, as 

conception becomes more difficult with age.

Low Fertility

Low fertility is diagnosed when it takes longer than the average couple to conceive or if a woman has irregular menstrual cycles. If you have been trying for a year and still have not conceived, you should consult a specialist to pinpoint the cause of your infertility issues. Low fertility issues can be self-reported or medically diagnosed.

Tubal Conduit Obstruction

If sperm cannot reach the fallopian tube, fertilization is impossible because it blocks all possible routes to the egg. Tubal conduit obstruction generally happens due to pelvic inflammatory disease caused by an STD such as chlamydia. Most women with tubal conduit obstruction have been diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a common endocrine disorder among women. It is the most common cause of ovulatory infertility and accounts for 70% of fertility issues in women. PCOS happens when a woman’s body produces higher than average testosterone levels, which results in many small cysts on her ovaries. In cases where the body grows too many cysts, ovulation does not occur, and the chances of conceiving a child become impossible.

Ovarian Insufficiency

The ovaries are responsible for producing eggs and also secrete important hormones. When the ovaries fail to do their job correctly, it is called ovarian insufficiency. Women with ovarian insufficiency experience irregular periods or lack of periods altogether (amenorrhea). Doctors can diagnose this condition through testing conducted on the uterus lining.

Fertility issues are incredibly complicated and can be caused by various factors. You should only use the above examples to reference your own knowledge. If you have been trying to conceive for more than a year without success or are experiencing symptoms of fertility issues, you should consult a specialist. Speaking to a doctor is the first step towards favorable treatment, and diagnosis will help immensely.

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