Medical Conditions That Can Cause Irregular Menstrual Cycles

You may have irregular menstrual cycles, varying slightly in length, which does not always indicate an underlying health problem. Other times, irregular menstrual cycles can signal you have a medical problem that needs treatment by a specialist in gynecology New York NY. A potentially severe medical condition can interfere with your ability to conceive and pose a serious risk to your life. Below are health issues that can trigger abnormal menstrual cycles.

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition characterized by an infection of at least one of the organs in the upper genital tract. The upper genital tract has female reproductive organs such as ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the uterus.

The infection of your upper genital tract can lead to extra-long menstrual cycles, spotting, and painful cramps throughout the month. Other signs of PID include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and foul-smelling vaginal odor.

Hereditary bleeding disorders

Hereditary bleeding disorders occur when there is a lack of or deficiency in particular clotting proteins in the blood. The most prevalent hereditary bleeding conditions are von Willebrand disease and hemophilia A and B.

If you have Von Willebrand disease (VWD), your blood does not have enough or properly working proteins, referred to as von Willebrand factor (VWF). In that case, bleeding can be abnormal and difficult to stop. If you are a woman with VWD, your menstruation cycles will be long and heavy.

Overactive and underactive thyroid

The thyroid hormones control various functions of your body, including metabolism and weight regulation. They are also essential in controlling your growth and development.

Sometimes your thyroid glands can produce too much or too little thyroid hormone. In that case, the thyroid hormones can cause irregular, heavy, or light menstrual cycles. It is also possible that your periods can stop for a couple of months. An absent period is called amenorrhea.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

As long as you are in the childbearing period, you are susceptible to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It is a hormone disorder that causes ovaries to become larger with small cysts on their outer edges. When you have PCOS, you have abnormal levels of male hormones.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) usually results due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors. If you have PCOS, expect to experience few, long and unusual menstrual cycles. Other times, you may not even have menstruation.

Other potential signs of PCOS are unexpected weight gain, acne, and excess hair growth, especially on the face.


According to Yale Medicine, over 6.5 million American women have endometriosis. It affects mostly women aged between 25 to 40. Endometrial tissue outside the uterus (womb) often affects organs in the pelvic region, such as fallopian tubes and ovaries.

The sticking of the endometrial tissue on the ovaries can cause cysts that cause pain before normal menstruation cramps begin. Additionally, if you have endometriosis, you have more endometrial tissue that needs to be shed. Consequently, your menstruation can last longer, and the duration between periods can be shorter.

Contact TārāMD today to schedule a visit for specialist diagnosis and potential treatment of an underlying gynecological problem.

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