Crohn’s disease is an ailment that causes chronic inflammation in the digestive tract. Inflammation can involve different areas of the digestive tract. In some people, it can spread into deeper layers of the bowel. Although Crohn’s disease causes severe pain and other symptoms, medication can help.
Crohn’s disease is a kind of IBD, Inflammatory Bowel disease. It causes swelling of the tissues in your digestive tract, leading to abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, malnutrition, and weight loss.
Crohn’s disease is an autoimmune-mediated disease, which means that the immune system attacks its own body’s cells, assuming they are a threat. Crohn’s disease can disturb any part of the GI tract, from the mouth to the anus. They can also affect the skin, bones, joints, kidneys, eyes, and liver. It is in the patient’s interest to get their diagnosis done at the earliest. Crohn’s Disease New Hyde Park is the address to find yourself the safest and most experienced diagnosis.
Earlier doctors suspected diet and stress to be the causes, But now they have concluded that they may aggravate the symptoms but are the direct causes of Crohn’s disease. The actual causes of Crohn’s disease are still unclear. It may be stemming from an abnormal reaction of the immune system.
Factors that may increase the risk of Crohn’s:
- Genetic or Hereditary: Crohn’s is common in people with a family history but not in all cases.
- Immune system: An atypical response from the immune system may cause the immune system to attack its body cells in the digestive tract
- Environmental factors
- A bacterium or virus may also be a potential cause. Research shows a link between the bacterium Escherichia coli and Crohn’s disease.
- Smoking is also a risk factor.
Treatment for Crohn’s disease typically involves medication, surgery, and nutritional supplements. The treatment aims at controlling inflammation, resolving problems related to nutrition, relieving the harsh symptoms of Crohn’s, and reducing flare-ups.
The Course of the treatment depends on the following :
- The severity of the issue
- Location of the inflammation
- Complications to the treatment
- Patient’s response to previous treatments.
Symptoms could take long periods, even years, to appear; this phase is called the remission period. However, they flare up again. The duration of remission varies greatly, and determining the course of treatment becomes challenging.
Complications of Crohn’s disease
Crohn’s disease can lead to many complications, such as:
- Bowel obstructions
- Anal fissures
- Colon cancer
- Skin disorders
- Other health complications include anemia, osteoporosis, arthritis, bone fractures, cataracts, glaucoma, and high blood pressure.
- Blood clots
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As excruciating as Crohn’s disease can be, it can be managed and controlled through the correct diagnosis and treatment. So book your appointment today!